The environment is sustenance. For all human beings, animals, and all life forms for that matter, the environment has been considered to be the source of life itself. Clean air, water, and green coverage have been linked to good health and long survival.
There are a few dominant federal laws that deal with environmental protection. However, environmental protection law has its international and local sources as well. Let us now check out some of the most common sources.
Environmental Protection Laws: A Concise List
Many environmental protection laws have been passed so far. While all of those have one common motive, which is, the protection of the environment, there are also specific spheres that each law particularly caters to.
1. The Clean Air Act
The emission of harmful gases into the air from industrial sources is one of the main sources of environmental damage. The air quality keeps dropping with every passing year. The concentration of suspended particulate matter in the air also keeps increasing.
The Clean Air Act was passed in 1970. It was established to ensure that the quality of air is maintained and all mobile, as well as stationery sources of air pollutants, are kept in check. It makes sure that the Nation Ambient Air Quality Standards are established and stuck to.
The Act aimed to set up air quality standards in every state to be able to properly examine all healthcare risks that air pollutants can pose. Section 112 of the Clean Air Act has especially targeted hazardous air pollutants.
2. The Clean Water Act
The execution of the Act is done under the Environment Protection Authority. It states that any resident or not a resident citizen of the United States cannot dispose of any waste material into the navigable water territories of the United States. The Act now deals with any pollutant that acts as a threat to water safety and cleanliness and also takes into action suits that were filed by private individuals.
3. Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, And Liability Act
This Act was passed by the United States Congress in the year 1980. It sets guidelines as to how waste sites, landfills, waste, and chemical spills, are to be dealt with. It also states what measures are to be taken to do the same. The Act gives responsibility to individuals or government organizations to clean up the messes and also to recover the costs from the organizations responsible for the environmental damage.
4. The Emergency Planning/Right-To-Know Act
The Act was passed to provide assistance to individuals and protect their health and safety from hazardous chemicals. Under the provisions established by this Act, each state is required to set up Emergency Response Commissions. These commissions were established to provide one with information regarding hazardous chemicals that could adversely affect their health and also how to deal with emergencies regarding them.
5. The National Environmental Policy Act
The Act is one of the oldest legislations present on environmental protection. It aims to generate environmental awareness regarding any major steps taken by the federal government. The Act stipulates that one should seriously take into consideration the harmful effects that are being delivered to the environment by the felling of trees, construction of new bridges, or any other new infrastructure that is being built.
6. The Occupational Health And Safety Act
Workers are often made to work in inhuman and unsanitary conditions. The Occupational Health and Safety Act makes sure that employers abide by safety guidelines regarding workplace safety and security. It makes sure that workers speak up against infringements of their right to a safe and secure workplace.
7. The Resource Conservation And Recovery Act
This particular piece of federal legislation supervises the generation, treatment, storage, transportation, as well as disposal of hazardous wastes. The provisions laid down in this Act also call for the proper disposal of nonhazardous solid wastes.
8. The Toxic Substances Control Act
The purpose of this Act which was passed by the United States lays down the detailed provisions for the screening, regulation, and testing of all the chemicals that are produced in or imported into the United States. The testing process should be done before they find their way into the consumer marketplace.
The Act also stipulates the tracking of all chemicals that could pose a threat to the health or prove to be an environmental hazard is necessary. Implementation execution of cleanup procedures has been given the utmost importance when the matter includes cases of toxic material contamination.
This Act functions as a supplement to other federal laws relating to environmental protection.
And That’s A Wrap!
Environmental Protection laws are very important for a sustainable future. Sustainability and environmental protection make sure that the earth remains a safe space for future generations. Environmental protection laws have also been shown to promote biodiversity and good health among individuals.
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