Legal Guides

A Comprehensive Guide On How To Write A Legal Brief 

| October 9, 2023

Are you a law student seeking how to write a legal brief or a law graduate who has just started their career as a lawyer? If the answer to both of these questions is a yes, then you have visited the right place. 

In this article, we will be providing you with information regarding the ways to write a legal brief in a proper and appropriate manner. 

Imagine you’re in a courtroom, and you’ve got to convince the judge or jury why your side of the story is the right one. It’s like making your case in a game of legal chess. That’s where a legal brief comes into play – it’s your strategic playbook. 

A legal brief is a written document that lawyers use to argue their case in a formal and structured way. Think of it as the lawyer’s “cheat sheet,” but a very sophisticated one. It’s not just a casual chat with the judge; it’s a well-organized, well-thought-out presentation of facts, laws, and arguments. 

In a legal brief, you’ve got a few main ingredients: 

Statement of the Case

This is like setting the stage. You tell everyone what the case is about, who the players are, and what’s at stake. It’s like the opening scene in a movie – it hooks the reader. 


Here, you lay out all the relevant details of the case. Imagine you’re telling a compelling story – who did what, when, and where. These facts should support your argument. 

Issues Presented 

You identify the legal questions that need answering. What’s up for debate? What do you want the judge to decide?

This is where you really get into the nitty-gritty. You apply the law to the facts, explaining why your side should win. It’s like connecting the dots in your case. 


You wrap it up by summarizing your main points and telling the judge or jury what you want them to do. It’s your big finale, your mic-drop moment. 


Lawyers love to back up their arguments with references to past cases and laws. So, you’ll see a bunch of citations – those are like the footnotes that prove your point. 

Now, here’s the trick – a good legal brief isn’t just a bunch of words. It’s a persuasive document. Lawyers carefully choose their words, structure their arguments, and present their case in the most convincing way possible. It’s a bit like writing an essay but with higher stakes.

So, whether you’re watching a legal drama on TV or you find yourself in a real-life courtroom drama, remember that a legal brief is the lawyer’s weapon of choice for making their case. It’s their way of saying, “Your Honor, here’s why we should win this game of legal chess.”

Here’s the step-by-step guide on the process of how to write a legal brief:

Step 1: Know Your Audience – The Judge or Jury

Before you start writing, remember your audience – the judge or jury. They’re the ones who’ll decide the fate of your case. Keep your tone professional, clear, and respectful. Think of it as writing a persuasive letter to a very important person. 

Step 2: Get Organized – Outline Your Brief

The Introduction

Start with a bang! Your opening should be attention-grabbing. Summarize what the case is about and why it matters. 

Identify the parties involved – who’s suing who, and for what? 

Statement of Facts

Tell the story. Lay out all the relevant details, but keep it concise. Avoid unnecessary fluff. 

Chronology is your friend. Organize the facts in a logical order to make it easy for your reader to follow along. 

Be objective. Present both sides of the story, even if it doesn’t help your case. It shows fairness and builds credibility. 

Issues Presented

List the legal questions that need answering. What’s the crux of the matter?

Keep it simple. You don’t want to overwhelm your reader with too many issues. 

Here’s where the real magic happens. Make your case! Start with your strongest points first. Lead with your knockout punches. 

Use case law and statutes to support your arguments. Cite your sources like a pro. Address counterarguments. Show that you’ve thought of everything and still come on the top. 


Sum it up. Tell the judge or jury what you want them to do. Keep it clear and confident. You’re not begging; you’re convincing. 

Step 3: Writing Style – Clear and Concise

Avoid legalese. Write in plain language. Remember, you’re telling a story and making a persuasive argument. 

Keep sentences short and sweet. Long, convoluted sentences can confuse your reader. 

Use headings, bullet points, and numbered lists to break up the text and make it easier to digest. 

Step 4: Edit, Edit, Edit

Proofread meticulously. Typos and grammar mistakes can harm your credibility. Check your citations. Make sure they’re accurate and properly formatted. Trim the fat. If a sentence doesn’t add value, cut it. 

Step 5: Seek Feedback

Don’t be shy about getting a second opinion. Another set of eyes can catch things you might have missed. 

Step 6: Format for Clarity

Use consistent formatting. Make sure headings, fonts, and spacing are uniform throughout. Include a table of contents if your brief is on the longer side. 

Step 7: Respect Deadlines

Courts are strict about deadlines. Make sure you submit your brief on time.

Step 8: Stay Professional

Even if you’re passionate about your case, maintain a professional tone. Avoid personal attacks or emotional language.

Remember, writing a legal brief is an art. It’s your chance to tell a compelling story and persuade the judge or jury that your side should prevail. With a clear, organized, and persuasive brief, you’re on your way to making a strong case in court.

Here is a sample of a legal brief that lawyers write before entering the courtroom with the case: 



John Doe, Plaintiff


Alice Smith, Defendant

Case No: 123-456789


Introduction: The Tale of John Doe

Ladies and gentlemen of the court, imagine a rainy evening in Fictitiousville, where our protagonist, John Doe, finds himself in a whirlwind of events. This legal brief aims to unveil the facts, issues, and arguments that underpin John’s pursuit of justice against Alice Smith.

The Facts: A Rainy Night’s Unpleasant Surprise

On the fateful night of September 15, 20XX, John parked his trusty red Vespa scooter on Elm Street. He locked it securely and went to enjoy a cup of hot cocoa at Mrs. O’Malley’s Café. Little did he know that his scooter would become the victim of an unfortunate hit-and-run incident.

As John sipped his cocoa, Alice Smith, operating a bright green moped, collided with John’s Vespa, causing substantial damage. Shockingly, Alice fled the scene without leaving a note or attempting to rectify the situation.

The Issues: Seeking Clarity Amidst the Rain

This case hinges on two key issues:

Did Alice Smith’s actions constitute negligence and liability for the damages to John’s Vespa?

Should Alice be held accountable for fleeing the accident scene without providing her contact information?

Issue 1: Negligence and Liability

We contend that Alice Smith’s reckless operation of her moped, resulting in a collision with John’s parked Vespa, constitutes negligence. This negligence directly caused damage to John’s property. Legal precedent, such as Smith v. Johnson (20XX), supports our position that negligence requires accountability.

Issue 2: Hit-and-Run Consequences

Alice Smith’s decision to leave the accident scene without identifying herself or offering assistance is in direct violation of Fictitiousville’s Motor Vehicle Accident Reporting Act. Her actions not only demonstrate disregard for the law but also hinder John’s ability to seek legal recourse.

Conclusion: Justice for John Doe

In closing, we ask this honorable court to recognize the undeniable negligence exhibited by Alice Smith in her operation of the moped, which led to the unfortunate collision. Additionally, we request that the court hold Alice accountable for her hit-and-run actions, as they are not only unlawful but also detrimental to the pursuit of justice.

John Doe seeks compensation for the damage to his Vespa and a verdict that ensures accountability in our community. We trust that the court will uphold the principles of justice, responsibility, and fairness in delivering its judgment.

Respectfully submitted on this 20th day of September, 20XX,

[Your Name]

Attorney for Plaintiff, John Doe

Note that this is a sample of a legal brief, and should not be considered a real copy of the same. Legal briefs in real cases adhere to specific rules and formats dictated by the jurisdiction and court involved.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some of the frequently asked questions related to how to write legal briefs in an effective manner:

Q1: What exactly is a legal brief, and why is it essential?

A legal brief is a written document used by lawyers to present their arguments in court. It’s like the script for a courtroom drama. It’s crucial because it’s your chance to persuade the judge or jury that your side of the story is the right one. 

Q2: How can I make my legal brief engaging?

Think of it as storytelling. Make your facts come alive, present your arguments like a plot, and use clear, concise language. Imagine you’re telling your favorite story to a friend. 

Q3: Do I need to follow a specific format for my legal brief?

Yes, most courts have specific formatting rules, like font size, margins, and line spacing. Make sure to check your court’s guidelines and follow them meticulously. 

Q4: Can I use everyday language in my legal brief?

Absolutely! Skip the legalese when possible. Use plain language that anyone can understand. If you need to use legal jargon, explain it in simple terms. 

Q5: How long should my legal brief be?

Keep it concise. Most courts have page limits, so don’t ramble on. Quality over quantity. Aim for clarity and precision.

Q6: What’s the role of citations in a legal brief?

Citations are your evidence. They show the judge that laws and previous cases back your arguments. Be sure to format them correctly, following the court’s citation style. 

Q7: Can I use visuals like charts or diagrams in my legal brief?

Yes, if they help clarify your arguments. Visual aids can make complex information more understandable. Just be sure to follow court rules on including such materials. 

Q8: Is it okay to include a table of contents or an executive summary?

Yes, it’s a good idea, especially for longer briefs. It helps your reader (judge or jury) navigate through your arguments more easily. 

Q9: How can I keep my reader’s attention throughout the brief?

Break up the text with headings, bullet points, and numbered lists. Be concise, and avoid long paragraphs. Make it easy on the eyes.

Q10: Can I use persuasive techniques in my legal brief?

Absolutely! Persuasion is the name of the game. Use rhetorical devices, logical reasoning, and compelling storytelling to sway your reader.

Q11: How do I conclude my legal brief effectively?

Summarize your main points and tell the court precisely what you want them to do. Be confident and assertive.

Q12: Is it okay to seek feedback from colleagues or mentors on my legal brief?

Yes, it’s highly recommended. Fresh eyes can catch errors or areas where your arguments could be stronger.

Remember, writing a legal brief is like being a storyteller and a persuasive speaker in one. It’s your chance to make your case come alive and convince the court that you’ve got the winning argument.

Final Thoughts 

Now, you have a better understanding of the concept of how to write a legal brief in an effective manner. Writing a legal brief in an appropriate manner will allow you to improve your credibility as a lawyer. 

I hope you have found this article informative, and make sure to drop your further queries and questions in the comment box below.

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nilanjana basu
nilanjana basu

Nilanjana is a lawyer with a flair for writing. She aims to write law-related articles to provide helpful information about the existing laws and regulations to help out people willing to seek legal information. In her free time, she is seen listening to music, reading, watching movies & web series, and researching about animal welfare.


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