how to write a legal brief
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A Comprehensive Guide On How To Write A Legal Brief

| October 9, 2023

Legal briefs are an essential component for legal professionals. It is the number one device for lawyers to offer their arguments in court. Moreover, it is also used to influence the judge and jury to rule the case in their client’s favor. Writing a compelling legal brief is a vital skill for aspiring lawyers. Moreover, learning this talent is hard for novices, particularly those new to the legal subject. So, knowing the way to write a legal brief is crucial for any legal professional, as it’s a foundation for offering arguments to the judge and jury. This article will offer steps for beginners on how to write a legal brief.

A legal brief is an essential file used by lawyers to pursue the courtroom and rule in favor of their client. Similarly, it is a written argument that offers suitable information and laws that support the client’s legal function in a case. 

A well-written brief is vital to influence a decision’s choice and drastically impact the case’s final results. Moreover, the importance of a well-written legal brief lies in the proficiency of supplying a clean and compelling argument to a court.

A legal brief is a convincing tool that aids lawyers in convincing the judge to rule the decision in favor of their client. Moreover, it assists lawyers in organizing their thoughts and arguments and any weaknesses in their cases. 

Generally, a legal brief usually consists of a statement of facts, a summary of the appropriate law, and the attorney’s arguments and conclusions. Moreover, the brief must be well-researched and well-written, with clear and concise language which is easy to understand. It should also be organized locally and persuasively, allowing the buildup of each argument from the previous one. 

Finally, a legal brief is vital as it aids a lawyer to present their arguments persuasively in court. As it influences the overall outcome of the case, they are fighting for.

What Are The Elements Included Within A Legal Brief

A legal brief is a written document that presents a client’s legal argument within a case. Various vital factors must be included within a legal brief. This ensures it is well-organized and appropriate for the client’s case. Here are the essential elements that must be present in a legal brief:


The caption is the title of the legal brief and generally includes the court’s name and the parties involved in the case, along with the inclusion of the case number. Ensure you follow the court’s formatting guidelines when creating the title/caption.

Table of Contents

The table of contents is an index of the sections and subsections of the brief. It also includes the page numbers. Moreover, a table of contents allows the reader to locate the required sections of the brief rapidly.

Table of Authorities

The table of authorities lists all the legal authorities you’ve cited briefly. This includes case laws, statutes, and regulations. Moreover, it must also include the name of the authority, citations, and page number of the authorities cited within the brief.

Statements of the Case

Statements of the Case

Statements of the case are a summary of the facts cited in the legal brief. This includes parties involved in the case, appropriate events, and the legal issues in question. Moreover, these elements are known to provide context for the legal arguments that are presented in the legal brief.

Summary of Arguments

The summary of arguments is a concise outline of the client’s legal argument. It should determine the critical legal issues of the legal authorities that support the argument, along with the party’s position on the issues.


The argument part is the main body of the legal brief. This is where the client’s legal arguments are illustrated in detail. Moreover, ensure this part is logical and persuasive and complies with relevant legal authority and analysis. 


The conclusion of a legal brief summarizes the client’s legal argument and regurgitates their position on the issues. Make sure to make it concise and persuasive with a request for relief or a specialized outcome. 

So, these factors must be included within a legal brief to have the best effects on the overall outcome of the case.

Before you learn the tips and techniques for writing a legal brief, you must know how to write one. Here are the steps on how to write a legal brief mentioned below:

Step 1: Analyze the facts of the case

The first step in writing a legal brief is to analyze the facts associated with the case. This includes a review of the existing information related to the case. Moreover, it contains pleadings, dispositions, witness statements, and other documents.

Step 2: Legal Research

Legal Research

Once you have determined your case’s key issues and facts, you have to conduct legal research. This step involves searching for relevant case law, statutes, and regulations that match your client’s case.

You can conduct legal research by making use of a variety of sources. This includes an online database, law libraries, and other legal publications. 

Step 3: Drafting the Legal Argument 

After you’ve completed the legal research, you will create a draft of the legal argument. This will be presented within the brief. Make sure to add the summary of the legal issue and legal authorities to support the argument, along with counterarguments or weaknesses within the argument. Moreover, this draft will serve as a blueprint for creating the brief. 

Step 4: Drafting the legal brief

After you have created a blueprint of the arguments, your next step will be drafting the legal brief. This will involve the organization of information clearly and concisely. Moreover, this will make the legal argument logical and persuasive. 

Similarly, the brief must follow formatting guidelines standardized by the court, including the necessary sections. This includes a caption, table of contents, and table of authority. 

Step 5: Proofreading and editing the legal brief

The final step you have to take is editing and proofreading the legal brief you have created. Correct any spelling or grammatical mistakes you’ve committed in the brief. 

You also have to proofread whether or not you’ve correctly cited the legal authorities within the brief. Moreover, remember that you should edit your writing style to make your legal argument more concise and persuasive. 

Final Words

Now you have your question answered regarding how to write a legal brief. Make sure you adhere to the formatting guidelines provided by your court before you submit your legal brief to the concerned authority. Moreover, conduct thorough legal research while writing the legal brief. This will make your brief legally correct and consistent. Further, consult with an experienced senior attorney while drafting a legal brief. This will ensure your brief is accurate in all forms.

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nilanjana basu
nilanjana basu

Nilanjana is a lawyer with a flair for writing. She has a certification in American Laws from Penn Law (Pennsylvania University). Along with this, she has been known to write legal articles that allow the audience to know about American laws and regulations at ease.


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